Getting to Know ArcGIS Pro


The title sums it up: this book is for those who want to get to know ArcGIS Pro—a new generation of GIS software from Esri. Whether you are a student in an introductory GIS course, an at-home learner who wants to build a foundational knowledge of GIS, or a professional who is considering adding GIS to your arsenal, this book is for you. No prior GIS software knowledge is required or assumed. This book is also suitable for those who are used to a different GIS product, and want to see how to do familiar tasks in a new environment. The primary focus is, naturally, ArcGIS Pro, but because of the integrated design of the ArcGIS platform, other ArcGIS components are incorporated as well, such as ArcGIS Online and some mobile apps. In fact, ArcGIS Online is integrated into most of the chapters with the use of web-serviced base maps. In light of this feature, an Internet connection is strongly recommended. A word about scope—although this workbook is designed to provide a broad overview of ArcGIS Pro, a truly comprehensive manual would be massive. Instead, we aim to provide a diverse sampling of industries, scenarios, and workflows that highlight the broad appeal and many core functions offered by GIS. At the same time, we try to keep the book’s length reasonable—something that a student in a classroom can feasibly complete in a quarter or semester. When you complete this book, you should feel comfortable enough with ArcGIS Pro to start working with it on your own.  

What is a GIS? Probably the most commonly asked question to those working in the geographic information system (GIS) field is also one of the most difficult to answer in just a few brief paragraphs: What is a GIS? A GIS is composed of five interacting parts that include hardware, software, data, procedures, and people. You are likely already familiar with the hardware—computers, smartphones, and tablets. The software consists of applications that help make maps. The data is information in the form of points, lines, and polygons that you see on a map. People, users like you, learn how to collect data using mobile devices and then make maps using the software and data on computers. As your knowledge of GIS grows, you will learn more about procedures and workflows to make maps for yourself or your organization. Decision-makers and others in an organization rely on GIS staff to maintain data and create insightful map products. GIS has many facets. It captures, stores, and manages data. It allows you to visualize, question, analyze, and interpret the data to understand relationships, patterns, and trends. GIS can be used simply for mapping and cartography. It can be used on the web to view maps and collections of data. It can also be used to perform spatial analysis to derive information from multiple data sources. In any capacity, the results from a GIS can influence decisions. Organizations in almost every industry, no matter what size, benefit from GIS and realize its value. Collecting spatial data—that is, information that represents real-world locations and the shapes of geographic features and the relationships between them—involves using coordinates and a suitable map projection to reference this data to the earth. For example, the distance that separates a conservation area and a neighborhood of a city is an example of a spatial relationship. How is wildlife in the conservation area affected by the increasing pressures of a growing urban setting? The spatial relationship between geographic features allows the comparison of different types of data. When paired with attribute data—information about spatial data—a GIS becomes a powerful tool. For example, the location of a hospital is considered the spatial data (referenced to the earth). Information about the hospital such as its name, number of rooms available, emergency rooms, specialization in medical procedures, patient capacity, and number of staff is all considered attribute data. This type of attribute information can be used to maintain records in a hospital network. It allows people who have that information to perform spatial analysis—a technique that reveals patterns and trends—to answer the following types of questions: What are the average travel times for emergency visits to the hospital? Is the patient capacity serving the demographics of a given city area efficiently? Do certain medical conditions happen more frequently in the area, and is the hospital equipped to handle them? To answer these questions fully, you must compare the data and attempt to explain the patterns. A children’s hospital can integrate spatial analysis with population-based resource planning to plan children’s health-care initiatives. A project like this one can greatly increase the ability of the hospital to identify and allocate resources to better meet local health-care needs, providing timely access to care for children across a city or region. 

Click here to download the book

Tutorial video about ArcGIS Pro: click here 

Post a Comment