Satellite Remote Sensing Technologies

 Satellite Remote Sensing Technologies


Based on the overall design of the spaceborne remote sensing system, this book concisely summarizes China’s experience in the spaceborne remote sensing system technology and its engineering application. Since the launch of a major science and technology project on high-resolution Earth observation system, China has made remarkable achievements in satellite remote sensing technology and major breakthroughs in the overall design and high-precision control of visible, infrared, hyperspectral, and microwave remote sensing satellites and in the processing and transmission of high-speed image data. China has launched the high-resolution remote sensing satellites such as Gaofen-1, Gaofen-2, Gaofen-3, Gaofen-4, Gaofen-8, and Gaofen-9 in succession. These satellites have played an important role in the monitoring of land and resources, the exploitation of mineral resources, the fine management of cities, the monitoring of traffic facilities, the survey of agricultural and forestry resources, and the recovery and reconstruction of disaster-hit areas, while enabling China’s satellite remotesensing technology to achieve leapfrog development. Based on the overall design and flight verification of the above satellites, this book summarizes the state of the art of satellite remote sensing technology. The focus of this book is the mission analysis and overall design of remote sensing satellite system. Through the mission analysis and design, the mission objectives and requirements (mission and tasks, functions and performance, etc.) proposed by the users are transformed into the overall design requirements and constraints on remote sensing satellite system, such as those on satellite orbit, load configuration and system composition. Meanwhile, the selection of carrier rocket and launch site is also discussed. Finally, the development trend of spaceborne remote sensing system in the future is presented by combing the future development trend of spaceborne remote sensing technology. This book consists of 10 chapters. In Chap. 1, the basic knowledge on the general composition of satellite remote sensing system engineering, the physical basis of satellite remote sensing, the near-Earth space environment and its effects are introduced. In Chap. 2, the mission characteristics of remote sensing satellite and its orbit design method are addressed. In Chap. 3, the overall design methods of visible panchromatic/multispectral remote sensing satellite systems are presented. In Chaps. 4 and 5, the overall design methods of infrared/hyperspectral remote sensing satellite systems are described, respectively. In Chap. 6, the overall design method of high-precision survey satellite system is given. In Chap. 7, the overall design method of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing satellite system is elaborated on. In Chap. 8, the overall design method of microwave remote sensing satellite system is discussed. In Chap. 9, the overall design method of geosynchronous optical remote sensing satellite system is introduced. In Chap. 10, the future development trend of satellite remote sensing technology is given. This book is mainly edited by Jindong Li and compiled and proofread by Jindong Li, Ting Li, Xiang Li, and Hezhi Sun. Chapter 1 was written by Chen Ni, Zhiping Zhang, and Jindong Li; Chap. 2 by Meili Huang, Qiao Zhao, and Hao Feng; Chap. 3 by Ting Li, Zhen Li, and Jindong Li; Chap. 4 by Chen Ni and Jindong Li; Chap. 5 by Zhen Li, Lei Yao, and Jindong Li; Chap. 6 by Xinwei Zhang; Chap. 7 by Zheng Lv; Chap. 8 by Mingming Xu; Chap. 9 by Xianghao Kong; and Chap. 10 by Dong Yang. The compilation of this book took more than 2 years and received careful guidance and great support from the experts such as Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering Peijian Ye, President of the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) Hongtai Zhang, and Director of the Science and Technology Commission of the CAST General Division Yongfu Wang. This book was also checked by Shiping Chen, Jijun Chang, Xiulai Hao, Shijun Ma, Wei Cai, Guojing Han, Guo Li, Zhenbo Cai, Tao Jin, Hong Jia, Yan Li, Jing Cao, Haitao Tang, Lei Yu et al, who put forward a lot of valuable suggestions during examination. Theengineers from CAST General Division Xiaoheng Liang and Xiujuan Liang, together with the Springer editors, have done a lot of work on the publication of this book. Here, the authors would like to express sincere thanks to them.

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